Although Philippines has a lot of indigenous and clean energy resources, the country is still reliant on “high CO2-emitting” coal-fueled power plants as a source of electricity; simply because electricity generated from these plants is still cheaper compared to some of the indigenously fueled power plants in the country. The price of indigenous energy sources in the Philippines is high due to either or all of the following reasons;
- indigenous energy sources in the Philippines, like geothermal and natural gas, are heavily taxed by the Government
- The prices of some indigenous energy sources are indexed to imported fuels. The cost of the geothermal steam of Tiwi and Makban, for example is indexed to imported coal, therefore, the electricity generated by these geothermal plants and coal plants do not have much difference.
- Some Hydroelectric Independent Power Producers like Casecnan Hydro Electric Power Plant sell there electricity at incredibly high price due to the Plant’s expensive construction cost.
Coal that is used for the coal-fired power plants in the Philippines is either imported or sourced locally (in Semirara).
Below is the list of Coal-Fired Thermal Power Plants in The Philippines;
|Plant Name||Installed Capacity
|Sual Coal Power Plant||1294||TEAM Energy||Pulverized Coal||1999||Sual, Pangasinan||NPC-IPP / Formerly owned by Mirant|
|Masinloc Coal Power Plant||600||consortium of Masinloc Power Partners Co. Ltd. and Singapore-based AES Transpower Pte Ltd||Pulverized Coal||1998||Masinloc, Zambales|
|Qezon Power Plant, Ltd.||511||Consortium of InterGen, Ogden Energy, Group Global Power, Investments and PMR Limited||Pulverized Coal||2000||Mauban, Quezon||MERALCO IPP|
|Pagbilao Coal Power Plant||728||TEAM Energy||Pulverized Coal||1996||Pagbilao, Quezon||NPC-IPP / Formerly owned by Mirant|
|Calaca 1 and 2||600||NPC||Pulverized Coal||1984 / 1995||Calaca, Batangas|
|APEC||50||APEC||Circulating Fluidized Bed||2006||Mabalacat, Pampanga|
|Toledo||88.8||??||???||1993||Toledo City, Cebu|
|Cebu Thermal Power Plant||109.3||NPC but operated by Salcon Power||Pulverized Coal||1981||Naga, Cebu|
|Mindanao Coal Plant||232||STEAG||Pulverized Coal||2006||Villanueva, Misamis Oriental||NPC - IPP|
Percent share of Coal Fired Power Plants in The Philippine Generation Mix (source: TransCo.ph);